Public Enemy
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Biography
They formed in Long Island, New York in 1982. They were signed on to the still developing Def Jam label after Rick Rubin heard Chuck D freestyling on a demo. It took the group roughly five years, before their debut, Yo! Bum Rush The Show in 1987 to critical acclaim. They went to release the revolutionary It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back in 1988, which performed better in the charts than their previous release. They also went on to release Fear of a Black Planet which was slightly less militant than their first two releases.

It can be said that Public Enemy were controversial yet pioneers in many ways. For instance, Terminator X made DJing into a fine art, some of his most innovative tricks utilised can be heard on the song "Rebel Without A Pause". They revolutionized the rap world with their political, social and cultural consciousness, which infused itself into skilled and poetic rhymes with jazzy backbeats. They also changed the Internet's music distribution capability by being the first group to release albums in a virtually unknown MP3 format at the time.

However, they were also infamous for their alignment with S1W (Security Of the First World), a militant black power movement. Also, Professor Griff, a member of the group, made many anti-Semitic remarks and as a result was ejected from the band, and the group featured in an FBI report to Congress with observed and examined "Rap Music and Its Effects on National Security".

They still continue to perform and write, but Terminator X took early retirement, now Atlanta native DJ Lord takes his place as the group's main DJ. Chuck D also heads a band named Confronation Camp, a confrontational funk/rock band. -- WordIQ.com
 
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